Usage and Application: Comprehension monitoring is used to remediate any gaps in knowledge about a subject, such as asking a question or re-reading a passage (Ormrod, 2012). Students should develop an awareness of whether or not text makes sense to them while they are reading it. Teachers can help students develop comprehension-monitoring behaviors (ThinkPort, 2003).
· Advantages: Making note of questions students may have before and during a lesson or reading assignment and then trying to answer those questions can be helpful. This is called self-questioning and is a useful strategy that can be added to the others addressed above. Teachers can also prompt students to ask themselves questions, such as, “explain how ___?”, or, “how would you _____?”
·Disadvantages: Students may have an illusion of knowing where they misunderstand something that they believe they understand. This is especially likely if they have little prior knowledge about the subject at hand. Students are more likely to stop studying if they believe they know information. Also, students are often
overly optimistic about how much they will remember about something they have just read or heard.
image retrieved from http://mmekennedysclass.wikispaces.com/Reading+Comprehension
Click the link below to see an example of a tool teachers can use to help students develop comprehension-monitoring behavior: